Social Security is a common effort of a nation and its citizens to provide security to those under economic as well as the social threat. It can be considered as an inseparable part of social justice (Social security fund, 2017). It’s increasingly popular throughout the nation to enhance of either poverty cutback, post-conflict uncertainties, and entrenched social inclusion.
The Government of Nepal has established the provision for social security in the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2015. It mention “the indigent citizens, incapacitated and helpless citizens, helpless single women, citizens with disabilities, children, citizens who cannot take care themselves and citizens belonging to the tribes on the verge of extinction shall have the right to social security, in accordance with law (Part 2 of section 43)”. However, implementation remains a major issue.
Though Government of Nepal has felt the importance of social security's, the situation of social protection is weak. Vulnerable and deprived people are still excluded from services. Especially senior citizen, single and widow women, marginalized, disabilities, unemployed and other people are still unable to entertain social security's services.
Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) aim to established social security friendly villages and to promote it. SDPI envision government to utilize Social Security fund in full function to alleviate poverty and enhancing people’s living standards.